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Everest Base Camp Trek in Nepal – An Overview

Everest (Khumbu region) in Nepal offers varieties of trekking and mountaineering activities. It is a paradise for mountaineers, trekkers, and adventure seekers. Mount Everest is known for highest mountain of the world standing 8850m above sea level with other Himalayan ranges ranging plus 7000 and 8000m. Everyone who’s been on the Everest base camp trek in Nepal can tell you this, but what’s more to experience with this adventure?

For a short distance or long days trekking, (Khumbu) Everest region in Nepal always comes in the first position as it provides lot of opportunities for trekking in the High Mountain Pass, Mountain Climbing, High-Altitude Marathon, Helicopter Sight-Seeing and Para jumping etc.

Thameserku Mountain On the way to Namche Bazar and Dudh Koshi River


Despite mountains,Everest region offers an experience face-to-face with ancient Tibetan Buddhist tradition, Sherpa Culture, their lifestyle and farming methods, Ancient Buddhist Mani Walls and Chortens, Oldest Monasteries, Villages etc. There is very less forest lies in Everest National Park but they are rich in flora and fauna of different species. Snow leopards, Blue Sheep, and Rhododendron Forest. Rich in natural and cultural heritage the most popular trekking area of Nepal is Everest indeed.

Namche Bazar, Sherpa Capital at 3440m


Everest Base Camp Trekking in Nepal – How to start?

To reach Everest Base Camp people use different routes. Traditional route to reach Everest Base Camp starts from Kathmandu by a bus to place called Jiri. This route was the most popular route in the past days (19 days), but after the construction of road up to Salleri (Phaplu) the trial become little bit shorter (15 days). In recent days, the most popular and the quickest way to reach EBC is to take 30 minutes flight to Lukla and then walk slowly towards EBC with the most breathtaking mountains views.

A tiny airstrip of Lukla Airport at 2840m, The gateway of Everest
A tiny airstrip of Lukla Airport at 2840m, The gateway of Everest



This will take you only 12 days to complete the EBC and Kalapatthar Trek.Generally, depending on the trekker’s physical and mental health, their rhythm, altitude adaptation Everest Base Camp Trekking can be completed in 11/12 days. The best way to trek to Everest Base Camp  with the slow and steady pace, take your time, drink plenty of water, and walk in high altitudes during your acclimatization day.

Everest Base Camp Trek’s Most Popular Route Description

Day 1: Kathmandu-Lukla-2840m (30 minute flight) 3.30 hrs- trek to Phakding 2600m.

Day 2: Phakding-Namche (3440m) 6 hours of Trek.

Day 3: Acclimatization day in Namche. 3870m.

Day 4: Hike for 3 hours to reach view point in Namche passing through Syangboche Airport. Rest day in Namche.

Day 5- Tyangboche-Dingboche-4358m- 6 hours of trek

Day 6: Dingboche-Acclimitization day- Hike to Chukkung or Nagarjuna View Point at 5085m for the view of Everest, Lhoste, Nuptse, Amadablam, and other mountains.

Day 7: Dingboche-Thugla-Lobuche-4938m- 6 hrs

Day 8- Lobuche-Gorakshep-Everest Base Camp 5364m-Gorakshep

Day 9-Gorakshep-Kalapatthar Viewpoint-5445m-Gorakshep-Pangboche 4000m

360 degree view of ancient Tengboche Monastery

Day 10- Pangboche-Phorste Tanga\

Day 11- Phorste Tanga-Lukla

Day 12-Back to Kathmandu from Lukla.

This traditional route is followed by thousands of trekkers and mountaineers each year to climb the top of the Everest or to reach the base camp situated at 5364m or at the Kala-Patthar viewpoint situated at 5445m and the route of other high mountain passes are also comes under this trial.

Frequently asked question by the Trekkers

Thukla VIew Point is also known for memorial of the Everest Summiters.

Do we need guide or porters while trekking to Everest Base Camp?

First of all one must be clear that, Everest Base Camp Trekking and Climbing Everest are two different things situated in two different altitude but, the climbers or trekkers mostly follow the same route to climb the Everest or just to reach Everest Base Camp. The requirement of guide and porters always depends on your need and your physical condition. If you are in good shape, health, and physique and carry your back pack walking five-to-six hours a day you may not need guide or porter or if you have doubt about altitude sickness or you want solo trek with a local companion then Trekking Guide or Local Guide are the best options.

A tiny settlement of Dingboche Village

If you want to walk carrying your small back pack then porters are the best options. Sometimes you can able to meet porter-guide who have similar experiences and ideas about mountains and they can carry your few kilos. It is worth to be noted that hiring a guide or porter means you are going to contribute something to the guide/porter family directly and Guides/Porter-Guide/Porter are always the best companion in your difficult situation. Follow their instructions, listen their experiences, and walk in your rhythm they are always in front of you.

Gorakshep village at 5130m which is situated near by large Khumbu Glacier

What to do and what not to during your Everest Base Camp Trek:


  1. Be in good health and physique,drink plenty of water, and use water purification tablets during the trek.
  2. Insurance is compulsory but it depends on your budget. However, it is advised to get insurance before your trek.
  3. If you are taking regular medicine for a longtime advised with your doctor before starting the trek and follow his/her advice.
  4. Walk in slow pace to gain rhythm, enjoy each and every moment during your whole trek.
  5. It is your decision to trek in Everest region independently, however; it will be a good decision to hire guide/porters/porter guides and it would direct benefit them and you will be able to walk with someone if you are alone during your trek. They can provide extra information whenever necessary.
  1. It is advisable to keep one or two extra days to take flight to Lukla or from Lukla to Kathmandu, because of the bad weather cancellation of your flight is a common thing.
  2. Always carry Diamox or Paracetamol with your First-Aid Kit.
  3. Carry good down jacket and good sleeping bag capacity of -20 degree.
  4. Do not drink hard drinks/alcohol during your trek.
  5. Enjoy the panoramic views of mountains and respect other trekkers during your trek.
Asking a free room in Hotel, Is it good trend or bad  trend practiced by Trekkers? 

It is readable and notable during Everest Basecamp Trek and other Treks in Nepal, during your trek if you eat your meals, breakfast, and dinner in same mountain lodge then you will get room free/complimentary. This trend is still followed by many of the trekkers. This thing is good to listen but at least think one timbefore you practice it. The cost of the room in trekking areas of Nepal (most of the trekking areas) are around $2-$5 a day and it is like 100 Ruppes to 500 Rs maximum.

Everest Base Camp, 5350 meter, An amazing view

Most of the mountains lodges are constructed after hard work and the hoteliers giving their facility in such high altitude need at least some profit. Everything is carried by helicopter, yaks, or porters after Lukla and the price are in high altitude. The life in high altitude is not easy. Respect the hardship of those people involved in the profession and do not try to bargain for room price. You are paying minimum to accommodate yourself in the high altitude so do not hesitate to pay minimum of your budget for your overnight stay.

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