Patan is the another Royal Palace of Malla Kings who ruled over Nepal. It is also called Patan Durbar Square which is considered to be one of the oldest city of Nepal. It is also known as Lalitpur which means a beautiful city. The native people of Kathmandu, Newars called it “Yala”. The city is well-known for its Temples, Royal Palace, Newari Stupas, Shrines, Sattals (a place for pilgrimage near waterspouts) and moreover metal arts, crafts and artifacts. Lalitpur got its true meaning from the fantastic metalwork, a city where people are still devoted to the production of metal statues of different god and goddess both in Hinduism and Buddhism.
The earthquake hitting Nepal in 2015 had destroyed many Royal Palaces in all of three major cities. Patan had also been affected badly. Many temples built during the 16 to-18th century have been destroyed and the premises inside the Royal Palace of Patan were partially damaged. Thanks to the rebuilding and renovation programs, the destroyed temples in the city are rising slowly from its foundation.
Main Entrance of Golden Temple, December 2018The main temples which were destroyed during the earthquake inside the premises of Durbar square are three -storey Hari Shanker Temple built in 1705 dedicated to Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva, Char Narayan Temple/Jaggannaryan Temple built in 16th century, Mani Mandap partially damaged temples are Bhimsen Temple which is dedicated to the god of trade and business a rectangular shape temple, a temple of Shiva known as Viswanath Temple at the South part of Bhimsen Temple, five-storey Kumbheswor Temple dedicated to Lord Shiba, all the courtyards in Durbar square: Sundari Chowk, Mul Chowk, Taleju Temple.
There are other several monuments which were not affected by the earthquake. One of the main monuments is Kumari Ghar (House of Living Goddess Kumari). This place is situated at the Northen part of Patan Durbar Square before entering into the city (five minutes away from Durbar Square). Living Goddess Kumari still resides in this house however, the root of this tradition is less popular in Patan now.
There are lot of temples, Stupas, Shirnes, Water Spout, Sattals which are scattered around Patan and equally popular as main monuments. Few years back the stone water spouts inside the Patan city never remains dry. The situation have been changed now. Due to overpopulation most of the land around the city were occupied by the house hence the flow of the water in these spouts only remains during monsoon season.
Stone Water Spouts commonly known as (Dhunge Dhara) were popular among the people. The water flows in these places throughout the year however these scenarios have been changed since a recent decade. Lalitpur is also popularly known for the metal handicrafts and utensils production which is essential for Nepalese daily life.
These photos show the Buddhist Stone Stupas built in the 17th century, Garuda in a Kneeling position (the vehicle of Lord Vishnu) and the metal market situated on the south part from Patan Durbar Square. Patan or Lalitpur is really a beautiful city rich in all three types of fantastic artworks (wood, metal, and stone). If you love arts and crafts and if you want to find more about Patan then you will need to wander around the city. Every corner of the city provides you with some beautiful things to click in your camera. Try to be wanderer inside this you will find lot of surprises around you,