Kathmandu, an ancient capital of the Republic of Nepal especially famous for ancient architectures, Royal Palaces, Hindus and Buddhist temples and Stupas, never-ending ancient festivals and festivities of Hinduism and Buddhism.  Mallas and Shah’s ruler’s residents of Kathmandu is one of the best attraction for locals and tourist which is also well-known as Hanumandhoka Durbar Square. Hanumandhoka is derived from the word Lord Hanuman, the great devotee of Lord Rama. He is also known as monkey god and the Statue of the monkey god Hanuman was placed nearby the entrance of Royal Palace of Malla Kings in the 17th century by Pratap Malla believing by the grace of the god his army would be protected and strengthened. Afterward, this palace is well-known as Hanuman Dhoka Durbar among locals and others.

The statue of Lord Hanuman at the entrance of the Royal Palace of Malla and Shah Kings in Kathamdnu from which the name of derived- (Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square)

 Just near the Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square, there is the resident’s area of the ancient capital. Nepalese people have already faced several earthquakes in every century measuring more than 7 or 8 rector scale in magnitude. The recent earthquake measuring 7.6 rector scale in 2015 had destroyed many ancient temples, residents, premises of the royal palace and took lives of more than 12000 people. However,  some of the monuments still able to stand proudly in its foundation and some were partially or completely destroyed.

Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square: Recent Condition (List of Renovated Temple and Royal Palace)

After three years of the biggest earthquake of 2015 the most damaged sites fo Kathmandu Durbar Square has been renovated by Nepal Government but yet there are many popular temples and part of Royal Palace remain the same as before. On July 2018, the Gaddi Baithak which was built was built in 1908 and damaged by the earthquake had recently been renovated and already inaugurated. The balcony of this palace was utilized by the rulers of Nepal to watch the different festivals especially in Indra Jatra (King of Paradise- Rain God) to watch the chariot pulling ceremony of Goddess Kumari (reincarnation of Goddess Durga and Living Goddess of Nepal).

Renovated Building of Gaddi Baithak completed in July/August  2018

Some of the temples which have been rebuilt were the famous Lord Shiba Temple with Shikara style architecture known as Kageshower Mahadev temple dedicated to Lord Shiba. This first floor of the temple was completely destroyed however the first floor and the foundation remained intact. This is the first renovated temple of Hanumandhoka Durbar Square.

White Colored Shikara Style (Dome roof) architecture of Lord Shiba Temple rebuilt after the earthquake of 2015- July 2018

Famous Malla ruler of the 17he century King Pratap Malls Family Colomb was fell down during the earthquake and it has been renovated and erected in a similar place whereas partially damaged the most ancient Jagganath (erotic temple), Indrapur Temple, and Bishnu Temple are still waiting for renovations. There are many others temples waiting for rebuild and renovation.

King Pratap Malla’s Colomb with Jagganath Temple, Indreshowr Temple, Bishnu Temple of the 15-17th century in Kathmandu Durbar Square, July 2018

One of the famous temples in Kathmandu Durbar Square was Trailokyamohan Narayan Temple, local name Maju Dega (Deval). The three stroyed temple was a famous spot for many tourists and locals to stay around on its premises and watch the regular activities down at the street. There is nothing left after the earthquake except the foundation and Shibaligam (Emblem of Lord Shiba). This temple was built in mid 17th century. There are many three more other famous monuments that were destroyed completely and waiting for its time to rebuild. Nobody can predict that when the rebuilding process started and when we will able to see all the destroyed temple erected in its former place.

Maju Dega, Trailokya Mohan Narayan Temple foundation- Rickshaw pullers in front of Maju Dega Temple-July, 2018


Basantapur Tower or Nautalle (Nine storage palace) of the 18th century built by King Prithvi Narayan Shah) the 18th century. Three storage of this palace was damaged completely. The renovation process has been started but not completed.


Bishnu Temple dedicated to Lord Bishnu in front of Kageshower temple is under wooden support. There are many fissures in it; however, it is survived in 2015 earthquake.-Photo taken-July 2018

House of Living Goddes Kumari (Kumari Bahal), a famous monument in Basantapur. Living goddess Kumari still live in this house.

Kumari Ghar – which was built in the 17th century. This monument had already seen two big major earthquakes of 1934 and 2015 but it is able to stay untouched with small fissures. Many locals and tourists visit this house still to take blessing from New Kumari who gave her blessing  to the visitors at Kumari Ghar everyday.



People passing in front of the giant statue of Kal Bhairba- July 2018

Indreshowr Temple, Kal Vhairab Statue, and Degu Talegu Temple. Expect Indreshowr Temple other temples are partially damaged. The renovation of Degu Taleju Temple has been already completed. Kal Bhairab is dedicated to angry Shiba. There is no idea that when this statue was built but it was placed here in the 17th century during the Malla Regime. It was used as a King’s court to provide justice to the people living in Kathmandu;

File photo of Kasthamandap -One of the ancient monument of Kathmandu Durbar Square, July 2018

The file photo of Kasthmandap stating, Let’s Rebuild together. There were many myths and interesting sayings about the date of construction of this temple. Some believed that it was built in the 12th century and some opined that it was constructed early than the 12th century. However, these myths were resolved after the earthquake when the United archaeological team of the  United Kingdom and Nepal found new objects during the excavation after the earthquake. It proved that the Kasthamandap temple was built in 7th century during the Licchivi period.

People are now eagerly waiting for all these monuments to be rebuild. Nevertheless; nobody has the right answer that how long it takes to reconstruct all the monuments that Nepalese people lost during the 2015 earthquake.