Nepal is a country full of natural and cultural diversity. The landscape of Nepal is divided into mainly three parts Himalayan Region with full of snow capped mountains, Hilly Regions with hills and rolling valleys, and the plain region of Terai popular for the safari in National parks. The climatic conditions always play an important role in your travel plan to make a right decision to visit a particular country and the activities that you are going to involved in that place. Therefore, it is very important for visitors to understand the varied climate of the country to decide which is the best season to visit Nepal.
Nepal is a country suitable to visit all the year-round but if you want to perform a certain activity then it is best to choose the particular season to perform your desired activity with a suitable environment.
Some Quick Facts
High Tourist Season– March to May and mid of September to the second week of December
Low Tourist Season-June to the second week of September
Best season for tour and trekking and Mountaineering- October to December and the second season is from March to May.
Seasonal Review of Nepal:
Nepal is an ideal place for adventure lover and trekkers for mountaineering, trekking, hiking, Bungee Jump, photography, White River rafting or paragliding. You can enjoy so many different activities in Nepal. However, to enjoy the natural beauty of Nepal you must choose the particular season suitable for these activities. The temperature and climate vary in different regions of Nepal at different time. Nepal experiences four different climatic zones according to different altitude from the highest point of Mount Everest to the lower land of Terai region.
High Season: September to December or Fall Season/Autumn Season:
Autumn is the best and high season to visit Nepal when most of the people come for trekking and tours. From mid-September to December most of the people enjoy trekking in different areas of Nepal because of the clear blue skies, moderate temperature, sunny days, and clear scenic view that start soon after a three-month-long period of the monsoon season. Two biggest main festivals Dashain, Deepawali (Festival of Light), Nepal Sambat (Newari Year) and Chhath also fall in these months and people are in the festivity and celebration mood. You can also celebrate in these cultural activities and good weather to make your holiday more enjoyable with some of the best treks Everest Trek, Annapurna Treks, or Langtang Treks.
Second High Season: March to May/Spring Season:
The second highest and best season to visit Nepal is during the month of March to May. The days are warm, the sky is clear and blue, days are long, and thenight is chilly in high altitude. Warm clothes and sleeping bags are compulsory for the people in high altitude trekking. The pre-monsoon season starts from mid of March and it remains till the first week of May which sometimes brings hailstorms, winds with rain in hills and plain region, and snowfall in the the mountain area. The national flower in Nepal rhododendron blooms from hilly to alpine areas and it is the best time for an elephant or jeep safari in National Parks in Terai Bardiya and Chitwan National Parks. The main festival of this season is Holi (Festival of Color), Nepali New Year, Bisket Jatra in Bhaktapur, and pulling chariot of Rain God Machindranath Festival in Kathmandu and Patan.
Lowest Season June to mid of September Rainy season:
From June to September is considered as the lowest season in terms of tourist arrival in Nepal. From the third week of May onwards the temperature of hilly and Terai region hovers around 33 to 45-degree centigrade depending on the particular area. This is the best time and chance to encounter with Bengal Tiger in Bardiya National Park which is in the far western region of Nepal. From the second week of June onwards, the monsoon or rainy season starts in Nepal which provides more than 80% of the water in the river and in the land. The paddy fields are filled with water. People are busy in their farmland for the production of different kinds of crops. The humidity level rise but the rain brings more greenery and fresh wet atmosphere.
The downside of this season is that people cannot go for high altitude trekking except some rain shadowed area of Upper Mustang, Upper Dolpo, Nar Phu and Humla-Limi Valley Trek. Nevertheless, the heavy rainfall also brings unpredictable landslide, soaring river, flooding, rise in the number of leeches in the trekking routes. Nevertheless, it is favourable season for you to visit the main historical city of Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhaktapur. You can also go for rafting in some rivers or participate with the farmers in the paddy fields for rice plantation or the festival is now popular with Ropai Jatra. It is best to avoid travelling in the main trekking circuit as the hills and mountains are covered with clouds and fog most of the times.
Winter Season: (Low Season):
If you want to enjoy the beauty of Nepal as a solo traveller or if you want to avoid the flow of trekkers in the trekking area then the winter is the best time to visit Nepal. The days are short but nights are long and you need warm clothes most of the time. Some places are still sunny but most of the places in the Terai region is cloudy, foggy, and rather cold. The high passes treks in Everest, Annapurna, Langtang, and Manaslu region may be closed due to heavy snowfall.
However, people still can visit some of the main cities and trekking areas to enjoy the good room in the tea house trek (compared with two high seasons.) It will be the best decision to bring warm clothes and sleeping bags and trekking boots if you want to enjoy trekking in Annapurna Circuit Trek, Everest Basecamp Trek, and Langtang Trek. The cultural events in this period are Sarswoti Pooja dedicated to the goddess of the education according to Hindu Mythology, Losar festival (Tibetan New Year) the best time to enjoy this festival among local people of Nepal.